Kuwabara Payne McKenna Blumberg Architects
The Jackson-Triggs Winery is a two storey 43,000 square foot
wine production and retail facility located in Southern Ontario. The
integrated project team set out to design a building that minimized CO2
emissions, had conservative building systems, and was agrarian in nature.
The production spaces are organized to use gravity flow in the
wine-making process, and storage spaces are located in the cave-like basement,
where the heat sink effect of the surrounding earth maintains a stable, cool and
humid environment. Direct solar heat gain is minimized and cooling
requirements are reduced from the shading provided by a 5 meter roof overhang on
the south, west, and east facades.
Natural ventilation is maximized in all building sections
through the use of operable windows during shoulder (spring and fall) seasons to
reduce the reliance on building heating and cooling systems. A
displacement ventilation system is used for office, boardroom and lounge areas
where high ceilings allow stratification, subsequent energy reductions and
improvement in indoor air quality. Daylighting is maximized in order to
optimize energy efficiency through reduced reliance on artificial illumination
systems and cooling loads. The building's radiant floor heating system
uses concrete mass for storage and a thermal flywheel effect.